Cleaning Your Aircraft
If youíre going to fly airplanes, sooner or later youíre going to need to clean it.† Even if you fly from someplace with ramp guys to do this for you, sooner or later youíre going to fly to someplace deserted, and if you donít know how to do it, it isnít going to get done and youíre going to fly looking through about a million bugs on the windscreen, often into the sun.† If you own your own aircraft, you especially need to learn how to clean your aircraft.
Cleaning the windshield
First thing you need to learn is how to clean the windshield of an aircraft, which is likely Plexiglas.† You NEVER want to use anything containing ammonia (common in automotive window cleaners) or anything with alcohol in it (eg automotive windshield wiper fluid) because it will damage it.
What else to use?† Well, people love to use strong soaps on airplanes, but you want to avoid any strong, caustic soap on an aircraft because it can corrode the aluminum.† You almost certainly donít need to use soap on your windshield simply to remove the bugs.
Water is actually the solvent for bugs.† It dissolves them nicely.† In a pinch you can use sopping wet paper towels to clean your windshield, but beware Ė it will scratch them over time.
There are all sorts of fancy and exotic specialty windshield cleaners and treatments for aircraft, but you donít need any of them.† I donít like using anything I canít pick up in any small town.
The best thing to clean your windshield is some liquid/detailer car wax at your local auto parts store, which comes in a squirt bottle.† That, and a large, soft fluffy towel, which you can pick up cheaply at Walmart or any decent hotel.††† Spray the windshield down with the liquid wax, preferably in the shade.† Use the towel to gently rub off the dissolved bugs.† It will leave a nice film behind which will help you take off the next layer of bugs, next time.† Once you get it clean, itís easy to keep it clean.
Same thing applies to the wing leading edges and struts and nosebowl, which also collect bugs.† If the paint is in good shape, and you donít have a yearís worth of accumulated bugs, you can use the same spray wax on these areas and the same towel.† Just be careful to not get the towel oily, wiping down the lower bits.
Cleaning the belly
So now youíve got the bugs off, but your aircraft has an oily belly from the crankcase breather tossing oil overboard.† At this point, people like to reach for a really nasty soap which will corrode the aluminum, but donít do that.
The best degreaser is mineral spirits, which you can pick up at most auto supply stores.† Itís basically varsol that doesnít stink.† Buy a gallon of mineral spirits and a reusable squirt bottle, which some people use to spray water on plants, or at misbehaving cats.† Fill the squirt bottle with mineral spirits and you now have the best, safest degreaser there is.† Anyone with a radial engine ought to buy a 55 gallon drum of the stuff.
Mineral spirits is a petroleum-based solvent which you shouldnít breathe, and if youíre going to use it a lot, get a box of latex gloves to avoid getting it on your skin.† For Christís sake, donít get it in your eyes.
The good thing about mineral spirits is that it dissolves oil and grease superbly without being corrosive, and it evaporates very slowly, so it does not pose anywhere near the fire risk that gasoline does.† Remember, liquid gasoline (and liquid mineral spirits) does not burn Ė only the evaporated vapour, and only when mixed in the correct ratio with the oxygen in air.
The best way to clean a greasy aircraft belly is to hose it down with the mineral spirits squirt bottle, let it dissolve the oil and grease, then wipe it off.† You can use paper towels for this, but I prefer rags.† Either way, get rid of the used paper towels/rags after you finish using them for cleaning.† They donít want to risk burning your hangar down, so get them out of your hangar when you are done with them!
The combination of the two above Ė liquid wax for the bugs up top, and mineral spirits for the oil below Ė will do a pretty good darned job of cleaning up most airplanes.† If youíre preparing an Oshkosh Grand Champion, you may want to get rid of the slight bit of slime that the mineral spirits leaves behind, with another clear squirt bottle of very gentle (eg dish) soap solution that you have mixed up from concentrate and water.† Once you wipe off the soap, then you can finish it off with the liquid wax, if you want it ridiculously shiny and clean.† Most people donít bother.
Mineral spirits is also marvellous for degreasing the insides of engine cowls, firewalls, and the engines themselves.† It will not hurt anything.† Using an old toothbrush to get into the corners with mineral spirits and a rag Ė this will do wonders at cleaning and degreasing.† Doesnít cost much, and doesnít take much time, either.
Heavily Oxidized Paint
Many aircraft that spend a lot of time outside donít look very good, because their paint isnít shiny any more.† If itís in really rough shape Ė the paint, usually many decades old, is cracking, peeling and extremely dull Ė you canít do anything to fix it, except strip it down to the bare aluminum and apply brand new paint.
However, if the paint isnít too rough Ė if itís just dull Ė you can probably make it look a LOT better, without spending much money.† It will take a little time and effort, though.
If the paint is quite dull, you need to get some ďPre-Wax CleanerĒ at the local auto store.† I use Motherís in the red bottle, but the brand is unimportant.† Pre-wax cleaner does a marvellous job of cleaning and removing accumulated oxidation from the paint.† I donít recommend that you use any kind of power buffer because unless you are really skilled, you will almost certainly damage the surface with swirls, burns, etc.† Leave that to the real professionals.† You are going to do it the old-fashioned way Ė with your triceps.† Try not to sweat on the pre-wax cleaner.† You probably need the exercise and upper body development anyways.
You apply pre-wax cleaner just like wax Ė with one rag to put it one, and another to take it off,† I might suggest separate sets of rags for each colour, to avoid smearing them.† Do the dark colours first, then the light colours.
Once you get the paint shiny, then get a new set of rags and apply ďcleaner waxĒ which will help clean up the surface a tiny bit, but more importantly it will leave a coat of wax on the surface to help protect it against the UV in the sunlight.
If your Plexiglas is a mess, and liquid wax doesnít fix it, you can do better.
If the windshield is heavily crazed with internal flaws from decades of UV, there isnít much you can do.
But if you just have some surface scratches, you can really improve them.† Again, I donít use any exotic stuff.† I just ďscratch removerĒ from the auto parts store which is really marvellous stuff Ė a very fine rubbing compound.† You can use it on paint, and on Plexiglas to remove light surface scratches.† After youíve done what you can to repair it with scratch remover, you can use cleaner car wax and liquid squirter wax on the Plexiglas to keep it clean.† Be sure to clean both the inside as well as the outside of the windshield with liquid wax!
For the rubber stuff on an aircraft, I like to just use old-fashioned Armor All from the auto parts store, and a rag.† It will clean the rubber and leave it nice and shiny.
It doesnít cost a lot of money to keep your aircraft clean and shiny Ė just some reasonably-priced supplies from any auto parts store, and some effort on your part.
Keeping an aircraft clean is more than just some OCD fetish.† You can see better out of a clean windshield, and a clean propeller and wing develop more thrust and lift.† And if you keep your aircraft clean, you can see trouble developing early on and fix it before it becomes a big problem.† A good example of this is metal cracking Ė if you catch it early on before it spreads, you can often stop drill it.† But you canít fix what you canít see!
Cleaning an aircraft is an essential part of its annual inspection.† If you do it, you save money because your mechanic doesnít have to.
So, you really donít have any excuse to not clean your aircraft, and plenty of reasons to do it!
firstname.lastname@example.org† Sept 2011